Source : « [Infographie] Carte des principales routes migratoires vers l’Europe », par Véronique Barral publié le 31-08-2015, RFI, http://www.rfi.fr/europe/20150831-infographie-carte-interactive-principales-routes-migratoires-vers-europe
First of all, this map is centred on Europe, making it impossible to compare with flows in other neighbouring regions, particularly in Africa and the Middle East. Furthermore, the data represented are absolute and not relative values, which does not allow us to contextualize the phenomenon. The flows are represented by thick red or orange arrows, which tends to support the idea of massive flows that constitute a danger. Finally, other types of flows are omitted: the map does not represent intra-European migration, European emigration or even migration between non-European countries.
Moreover, approaching migration solely through flows disembodies the phenomenon and does not allow us to consider the question of migratory routes. Indeed, migration is not a linear process: migrants stop in certain countries, settle temporarily and then leave again according to the opportunities and difficulties encountered. Knowledge networks also play an essential role in this process.Back to Vignettes